Representation and Rebellion

The Rockefeller Plan at the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, 1914-1942

by Jonathan H. Rees

Hardcover Price $41.95
Ebook Price $28.95
30-day ebook rental price $9.99

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"Jonathan H. Rees's exhaustively researched and carefully crafted study . . . is a smart book that highlights a path not taken in the contentious tale of western labor history."
Eric J. Morser, Western Historical Quarterly

"This well-researched book will challenge readers to reassess standard pejorative narratives of company unions, making it an important contribution to labor, business, and general United States historians."
Leigh Campbell-Hale, Montana: The Magazine of Western History

"Rees makes effective use of new sources to give a more nuanced understanding of the operation of one of the nation's more progressive company unions. He makes a strong case, in his conclusion, for the argument that, whatever the limitations of company employee plans, they provide workers with more protection than no union, and they often plant the seeds for the emergence of truly independent unions."
Elizabeth Fones-Wolf, Business History Review

"Throughout his narrative, Rees sensitively reads and analyzes his evidence, presenting a story of company-sanctioned collective bargaining that is rather more complicated than one might expect . . . there is much to appreciate in this smart, focused book."
—Jason Scott Smith, University of New Mexico, New Mexico Historical Review


In response to the tragedy of the Ludlow Massacre, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. introduced one of the nation's first employee representation plans (ERPs) to the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company in 1915. With the advice of William Mackenzie King, who would go on to become prime minister of Canada, the plan—which came to be known as the Rockefeller Plan—was in use until 1942 and became the model for ERPs all over the world.

In Representation and Rebellion, Jonathan Rees uses a variety of primary sources—including records recently discovered at the company's former headquarters in Pueblo, Colorado—to tell the story of the Rockefeller Plan and those who lived under it, as well as to detail its various successes and failures. Taken as a whole, the history of the Rockefeller Plan is not the story of ceaseless oppression and stifled militancy that its critics might imagine, but it is also not the story of the creation of a paternalist panacea for labor unrest that Rockefeller hoped it would be.

Addressing key issues of how this early twentieth-century experiment fared from 1915 to 1942, Rees argues that the Rockefeller Plan was a limited but temporarily effective alternative to independent unionism in the wake of the Ludlow Massacre. The book will appeal to business and labor historians, political scientists, and sociologists, as well as those studying labor and industrial relations.


Jonathan Rees is an associate professor of history at Colorado State University-Pueblo specializing in American labor history, American business history, and the history of technology.

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  • Hardcover Price: $41.95
  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-0-87081-964-3
  • Ebook Price: $28.95
  • 30-day ebook rental price: $9.99
  • EISBN: 978-1-60732-040-1
  • Publication Year: 2010
  • Pages: 344
  • Illustrations: 12
  • Discount Type: Short
  • Author: by Jonathan H. Rees
  • ECommerce Code: 978-0-87081-964-3
  • Get Permissions: Get Permission

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